The Republic of Sierra Leone is a resource rich West African nation that is home to more than five million people. After a tumultuous civil conflict in the 1990s and a subsequent peace accord in 2002, Sierra Leone has returned to political stability, economic growth, and significant foreign investment. The country's steadily growing economy and increasing levels of foreign investment have rapidly increased its power requirements. However, Sierra Leone maintains no readily available domestic source of hydrocarbons. Therefore, both the public and private sectors must import expensive diesel or marine fuel oil to meet their energy needs.
The 80 MW of installed power capacity in Sierra Leone produces 22 kWh of energy per capita, amongst the lowest in the world. This figure represents enough energy for each person to power a single 100W light bulb for 9.2 days per year.